Management of zakat based on Islamic law in Indonesia.
B. Landasan dan Ketentuan Zakat.............................. 90 1. Hasil Pertanian (Tanam
-tanaman dan Buahbuahan) .................................................................. 90 2. Hewan
ternak...................................................... 100 3. Zakat Barang Dagangan .
119 4 Terjemahan ayat tersebut adalah : “ Sesungguhnya zakat - zakat itu
hanyalah untuk orang - orang fakir , orang - orang miskin , para amil zakat ,
orang mualaf ( yang dijinakkan ) hatinya , untuk ( memerdekakan ) budak , orang
- orang ...
sprinklers and similar means , then only half of one tenth of the total ( one
twenteeth : 1 / 20 ) zakatable commodities is paid as zakat . If the crops are
watered both by means of irrigation and by means of animals , then one must see
In the hierarchy of Islamic faith and religious duties zakat is next only to the acclamation of Allah's unity and prophecy of Muhammad (peace be unto him) and the five daily prayers. It is rather significant that a measure of far-reaching economic consequences should find such a high place in that hierarchy and be counted as one of the five pillars o Islam. Zakat is doubly important in the way of life that is Islam. On the one hand, it is a means of spiritual purification and on the other a way to regain balance and equilibrium in social and economic life. One would expect religious scholars as well as economists not to miss these points and pay due attention to this unique institution. However, the subject of zakat did not attract the attention of contemporary scholars to an extent commensurate with its importance. There is a need for economists, legal experts and shariah scholars who would elaborate and analyze the law of zakat in a contemporary manner. Sheikh Yusuf al Qardawi's book is one of those exceptions to the above which give one the needed hope and reassurance to carry on. First published more than 3 decades ago, Fiqh al Zakat still remains unparalleled in its comprehensiveness exposition and depth. It is, therefore, with great pleasure that we present it to the English reading public.Shaykh Yusuf Al-Qaradawi Born in Egypt in 1926. One of the most prominent scholars of the 20th century. He memorized the Quran before the age of 10. He is an expert on principals of Islamic jurisprudence (Fiqh), Arabic language, and other Islamic Sciences. He has published over 100 books, which are bestsellers in the Islamic world.His books cover various topics, such as: Fiqh, how to understand the Sunnah, how to understand the Qur'an, a two-volume book on Zakat which is considered by many scholars as a treasure house for the Islamic library, environment, Fiqh of Minorities, poetry, and many other topics.Shaykh Al-Qaradawi represents an original effort to make the comprehensive rules of Islam accessible and understandable to non-specialists, and he always tries to join between the principles of the religion and the problems facing the Muslims today.
It is, therefore, with great pleasure that we present it to the English reading public.Shaykh Yusuf Al-Qaradawi Born in Egypt in 1926. One of the most prominent scholars of the 20th century. He memorized the Quran before the age of 10.
This book deals with the sources of Islamic jurisprudence and their importance in deducing the religious rulings. It covers the concept of ijtihād (independent reasoning), its conditions and application and illustrates why it is a practice for experts rather than laymen. It also explains the differences in the levels of expertise of the mujtahids. In fact, there are seven distinct classifications of mujtahid. The book also covers the communication of God as Lawgiver with regard to the conduct of liable persons. It details the difference in probative value of communication based on the extent to which it binds an individual be it absolutely binding, a recommendation or mere permissibility. The reader will be able to understand the difference between fiqh (law) and Usūl al-Fiqh (methodology of law). Fiqh is the law itself whereas Usūl al-Fiqh is the methodology utilized to extract the law. The relationship between the two disciplines resembles that of the rules of grammar to a language, or of logic to philosophy. Usūl al-Fiqh in this sense provides the standard criteria for the correct deduction of the rulings of fiqh from the sources of Shari’ah (the Qur’an and Sunnah).
The evidence for this ruling is the following hadith; “Zakat is not permissible for
Muhammad and his progeny.”310 In another hadith, the Prophet explained that
for them there is a share from the war booty.311 However, Abū Ḫanīfa and Imam
"Melalui buku ini, K.H. Sahal Mahfudz ingin menerangkan bahwa meningkatnya anarki pemaknaan sosial dan politik di Indonesia, memaksa pemikiran fiqih mengalami pergeseran dari fiqih sebagai paradigma ”kebenaran ortodoksi” menjadi paradigma ”pemaknaan sosial”. Jika yang pertama menundukkan realitas kepada kebenaran fiqih, maka yang kedua menggunakan fiqih sebagai counter discourse dalam belantara politik pemaknaan yang tengah berlangsung. "
Tentang petugas pengumpul dan pembagi zakat biasanya disebut dengan 'amil.
Hal ini sesungguhnya salah kaprah. Yang disebut dengan 'amil, sebagaimana
dalam masyarakat kita, sesungguhnya baru panitia zakat. Sedangkan 'amil ...